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  • Writer's picturezelechowski mathieu

the Causes of lumbar pain

Updated: Jun 1, 2023


a physiotherapist osteopath from courchevel treating lumbar pain

Lumbar pain, commonly referred to as lower back pain, is a common condition that affects millions of people worldwide. The pain can range from mild to severe, and in some cases, it can be debilitating, making it difficult for individuals to perform daily activities. In this article, we will explore the causes of lumbar pain, including the different conditions and factors that can lead to this type of pain.

  1. Strain or Sprain

Strains and sprains are some of the most common causes of lumbar pain. A strain refers to a tear or stretch in the muscles or tendons that support the spine, while a sprain refers to a tear or stretch in the ligaments that hold the bones of the spine together. Both of these injuries can occur due to overuse, lifting heavy objects, or sudden movements that put too much pressure on the lower back.

  1. Herniated Disc

A herniated disc is a condition that occurs when the soft, jelly-like material inside a spinal disc leaks out and presses against the spinal nerves. This can lead to pain, numbness, and weakness in the lower back, buttocks, and legs. Herniated discs can be caused by age-related wear and tear, sudden injuries, or repetitive stress.

  1. Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis is a condition that occurs when the spinal canal narrows and compresses the spinal cord and nerves. This can lead to pain, numbness, and weakness in the lower back, buttocks, and legs. Spinal stenosis is commonly caused by age-related wear and tear or degenerative conditions such as osteoarthritis.

  1. Spondylolisthesis

Spondylolisthesis is a condition that occurs when one vertebra slips out of place and onto the vertebra below it. This can cause pain, numbness, and weakness in the lower back, buttocks, and legs. Spondylolisthesis can be caused by genetic factors, trauma, or age-related wear and tear.

  1. Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is a condition that occurs when the cartilage that cushions the joints wears away over time. This can cause pain, stiffness, and inflammation in the lower back and other joints. Osteoarthritis is commonly caused by age-related wear and tear, but can also be caused by genetics, trauma, or repetitive stress.

  1. Sciatica

Sciatica is a condition that occurs when the sciatic nerve, which runs from the lower back down through the buttocks and legs, becomes compressed or irritated. This can cause pain, numbness, and weakness in the lower back, buttocks, and legs. Sciatica can be caused by a herniated disc, spinal stenosis, spondylolisthesis, or other conditions that put pressure on the sciatic nerve.

  1. Degenerative Disc Disease

Degenerative disc disease is a condition that occurs when the spinal discs between the vertebrae break down and lose their cushioning ability. This can cause pain, stiffness, and inflammation in the lower back. Degenerative disc disease is commonly caused by age-related wear and tear, but can also be caused by genetics or repetitive stress.

  1. Poor Posture

Poor posture, whether while sitting, standing, or lifting heavy objects, can put excessive strain on the lower back muscles and ligaments, leading to pain and discomfort.

  1. Obesity

Being overweight or obese can put excessive pressure on the lower back, leading to lumbar pain. This is due to the extra weight putting stress on the muscles and joints of the lower back.



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